TORONTO — Canada’s industry minister says he thinks the country is “ahead of the curve” with its approach to artificial intelligence, beating even the European Union.
“Canada is likely to be the first country in the world to have a digital charter where we’re going to have a chapter on responsible AI because we want AI to happen here,” François-Philippe Champagne said at the Collision tech conference in Toronto on Wednesday.
The proposed charter — part of Bill C-27 — is meant to give people more power over their data and ensure their privacy is respected, Champagne said.
The government has said it would ban “reckless and malicious” AI use, establish oversight by a commissioner and the industry minister and impose financial penalties.
The bill has passed a first and second reading in the House of Commons but still has to go through committee, a third reading and the Senate before becoming law. It is due to come into effect no earlier than 2025.
Champagne compared that approach to the European Union, which is advancing toward a legal framework for AI that “proposes a clear, easy to understand approach, based on four different levels of risk: unacceptable risk, high risk, limited risk, and minimal risk.”
The EU legislation will address subliminal, manipulative and deceptive AI techniques and how the technology could exploit vulnerabilities along with biometric systems and using AI to infer emotions in law enforcement and office settings.
But Champagne said he expects that framework to come after Canada’s legislation.
“In the EU, it’s going to take probably until 2026 before there’s anything,” Champagne said.
AI has become a buzzword in the tech industry, since San Francisco-based OpenAI released ChatGPT, a hit generative AI chatbot capable of humanlike conversations and tasks, last year. Rival products like Google’s Bard have since joined the AI race.
Critics have predicted it will lead to an existential risk.
More than 1,000 technology experts, including engineers from Amazon, Google, Meta and Microsoft as well as Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, called for a six-month pause on training of AI systems more powerful than GPT-4, the large language model behind ChatGPT, in March.
However, proponents of the technology herald it as a means of efficiency and expediency that could free humans of rudimentary tasks. They worry governments could overregulate the technology, reducing its benefits greatly.
Asked about Canada’s approach to AI and other digital legislation, Abdullah Snobar indicated there is room for improvement.
“Are we doing OK? Maybe, but we’re definitely not moving as fast as we could be,” said the executive director of the DMZ, a Toronto tech hub that supports startups.
While he said Canada is still in a great position because of the talent and economic opportunity it has driven in the sector, he still sees the Europeans as leading the way.
“We’ve got to learn from what the Europeans are doing to some extent and then bring our own flavour to it as well,” he said.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 28, 2023.
Tara Deschamps, The Canadian Press